As seen in the photos above from Matthew Brady, the casualties on both sides were considerable. An estimated 50,000 soldiers were either killed, wounded or captured during the 3 day fight from July 1-3.
Gettysburg battle reunion of 1913 which was the last time that many veterans of the Battle of Gettysburg visited the site.
It is interesting to speculate what would have happened if Lee had been successful at Gettysburg and the South would have been able to have the North negotiate a peace that would have allowed the Confederate states to form a different country. It has been speculated that the increased mechanization of farming would have led to a situation in the South that slaves were not needed in southern agriculture by the 1890's. What would have happened to slavery is an open question but it may have eventually led to the development of sharecropping as it did with the northern victory.
What would our Congress look like today without the Confederate states? The Senate would be controlled by the Democrats with 47 Democrats and 2 Independents voting with the Democrat caucus against 32 Republicans. A filibuster proof Senate. The House would be controlled by the Democrats by a closer margin of 166 Democrats to 161 Republicans.
Civil War trivia question. Remember your American history? What American inventor had two inventions that each played a large role in determining the economies of both the North and the South and led them to war? Answer tomorrow